The Pirate’s Lair has now obtained concrete prima-facie evidence of the very first standardized US Navy Department of Navy Seal ever issued and dated as early as and used through This seal as shown on the demitasse cup to the left and backstamp dated was the original forerunner of the Department of Navy Seal still in use today which itself was first established ca ! Please excuse both syntax and grammar as this page is also designed for the Search Engines Prior to the late 19th Century there appears to be only miminal consistency and limited selections to the type of Navy Dinnerware and Navy Tableware used by both enlisted and officer alike. Though functional with a Naval flair, the selection and grade of dinnerware used by sailors and officers left alot to be desired and consisted mostly of enamelware porcelain plates, bowls and cups! Additionally, there does not appear to be much of any official Naval history or documentation anecdotal or otherwise of what either the enlisted crew or officers used in the way of dining utensils or tableware up until the early ‘s and very early ‘s. However, through old photographs obtained by The Pirate’s Lair of sailors eating on their respective mess decks, wardrooms and galleys it appears that the white to off-white tin covered enamelware metal plates, bowls and cups incorporating “USN” or “US Navy” were pretty much standard from post Civil War up until the early ‘s. Though this enamelware used as standard Navy dinnerware and Navy tableware was sturdy and utilitarian to hold up to salty seas and repetitive heavy industrial cleanings, it certainly was not made for elegant fine dining.
Advice on equipping a kitchen in the 19th century Catherine Beecher had firm ideas about what was needed for a well-run household. Her list for the s kitchen in the USA included: In a prosperous American household in a “prudent and generous mistress” would supply her cook “with ample provision of all such things as her important department requires All these articles are indispensable, and there are a great many other useful implements which modern ingenuity has brought into use, and which it would be well to introduce into a fully-arranged kitchen.
Mary Ann Bryan Mason A book aimed at an English couple setting up home in a small cottage in the first half of the 19th century advised: A good copper tea-kettle is the most durable this is an article I don’t know how to persuade you to do without, though some writers cry out bitterly against it.
To make enamelware, manufacturers create an enamel mixture out of superheated quartz, feldspar, metal oxides, water, clay, and other materials. This mixture was then cooled and compressed to 1/5(1).
There are two methods of applying enamel to metal: For a… Materials and techniques Enamel is a comparatively soft glass, a compound of flint or sand, red lead, and soda or potash. These materials are melted together, producing an almost clear glass, with a slightly bluish or greenish tinge; this substance is known as flux or frit—or, in France, fondant.
The degree of hardness of the flux depends on the proportions of the components in the mix. Enamels are termed hard when the temperature required to fuse them is very high; the harder the enamel is, the better it will withstand atmospheric agencies, which in soft enamels first produce a decomposition of the surface and ultimately cause the breakup of the whole enamel. Soft enamels require less heat to fire them and consequently are more convenient to use, but they do not wear so well, especially if subjected to friction.
Clear flux is the base from which coloured enamels are made, the colouring agent being a metallic oxide , which is introduced into the flux when the latter is in a molten state. The brilliance of an enamel depends on the perfect combination of its components and on maintaining an equal temperature throughout its fusion in the crucible.
The colour of many enamels is achieved by a change in the proportion of the components of the flux rather than by a change in quantity of the oxide. For example, turquoise-blue enamel can be obtained from the black oxide of copper by using a comparatively high proportion of carbonate of soda; in the same way, a yellowish-green enamel can be obtained from the same black oxide by increasing the proportionate amount of red lead.
Clear flux is also used to make opaque enamels; the addition of calx, a mixture of tin and lead calcined, renders translucent enamels opaque. White enamel is produced by adding stannic and arsenious acids to the flux, the quantity of the acid affecting the density, or opacity, of the enamel.
History of enamelware – kitchen & household
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Vintage enamelware, also called enameled ware, became popular in the 19th century, when manufacturers of kitchen staples such as pots and pans coated everything from heavy cast iron to lighter steel with enamel. When fired, the enamel glazed, creating a non-porous surface that was easier to clean than exposed metal.
Site Info History The following article was not written for this site. The original was here: She praised it highly for its quality and durability. Descoware originally was known as Bruxelles Ware at its inception. Thus the name Descoware was born. It seemed you could find a piece in almost every home, whether it was a skillet or Dutch Oven or covered casserole.
Jackson & Levine: meet the pair behind the coolest supperclub in town
The national flag is dark green, with a white vertical stripe at the hoist and a white crescent and five-pointed star in the center. The opening lines of the national anthem, sung in Urdu, are “Blessed be the sacred land, Happy be the bounteous realm, Symbol of high resolve, land of Pakistan, Blessed be thou citadel of faith. The rupee r is a paper currency of paisa. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, and 50 paisa and of 1 rupee, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, , , and 1, rupees.
The metric system was introduced in and made mandatory as of 1 January Comparatively, the area occupied by Pakistan is slightly less than twice the size of the state of California.
— Enamelware — Enamelware was the first kitchenware mass-produced here in America, dating back to the s. Enamelware was extremely popular, as it was lighter and easier to clean than china but still held up to everyday home use.
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Taos Pueblo , circa Pueblo peoples speak languages from four different language families, demonstrating their diverse origins. The Tanoan languages belong to the small Kiowa-Tanoan family. Tanoan is the main grouping within the family, consisting of three branches:
“Enamelware – Hand Painted Enamelware Exporter from Srinagar” “Tiffin Carrier” See more. RARE ANTIQUE FRENCH ENAMELED SHEET METAL COFFEE BIGGIN / POT dating ‘s. Chocolate & Coffee Chocolate Pots Enamel ware White enamel Vintage green Vintage Kitchen Teapots Kitchenware Old things.
Nickel is vital as an alloy to stainless steel, and it plays a key roll in the chemical and aerospace industries. Leading producers are Canada, Norway, and Russia. Phosphate rock Primarily a sedimentary rock used to produce phosphoric acid and ammoniated phosphate fertilizers, feed additives for livestock, elemental phosphorus, and a variety of phosphate chemicals for industrial and home consumers. The majority of U. These elements commonly occur together in nature and are among the scarcest of the metallic elements.
Platinum is used principally in catalytic converters for the control of automobile and industrial plant emissions; in jewelry; in catalysts to produce acids, organic chemicals, and pharmaceuticals; and in dental alloys used for making crowns and bridges. Potash Potash is an industry term that refers to a group of water-soluble salts containing the element potassium, as well as to ores containing these salts Kesler, Potash is used in fertilizer, medicine, the chemical industry, and to produce decorative color effects on brass, bronze, and nickel.
Pyrite Pyrite fools gold is used in the manufacture of sulfur, sulfuric acid, and sulfur dioxide; pellets of pressed pyrite dust are used to recover iron, gold, copper, cobalt, and nickel. Quartz Quartz crystals are popular as a semiprecious gemstone; crystalline varieties include amethyst, citrine, rose quartz, and smoky quartz. Because of its piezoelectric properties the ability to generate electricity under mechanical stress , quartz is used for pressure gauges, oscillators, resonators, and wave stabilizers.
Quartz is also used in the manufacture of glass, paints, abrasives, refractories, and precision instruments. Sandstone is used as a building stone, road bases and coverings, construction fill, concrete, railroad ballast, and snow and ice control.
Geography The region belongs to the Massif Central. In the south the Plateau de Millevaches, where many points rise above 3, feet metres , separates the basin of the Loire and Garonne rivers. Farther north are the Blond Mountains, which rise above the Limoges Plateau to more than 1, feet metres , and the Ambazac Mountains, which rise to more than 2, feet metres. Winters are harsh in the higher elevations, but summers are for the most part pleasant and warm.
Annual precipitation is high, ranging from 30 to 50 inches to 1, mm. Average population density is among the lowest in France.
Enamelware, the first mass-produced Technicolor kitchenware, first appeared in American dry-goods stores and mail-order catalogs in the s, and continued to be produced through the s.
Old Moletin, in Czech: She had an older brother, Franz, to whom she was very close. She was also interested in the Gypsies who would camp near the village for a few days at a time; their nomadic lifestyle, their music, and their stories fascinated her. After dating for six weeks, the couple married on 6 March , in an inn on the outskirts of Svitavy , Schindler’s hometown. He was affable, kind, extremely generous and charitable, but at the same time, not mature at all.
He constantly lied and deceived me, and later returned feeling sorry, like a boy caught in mischief, asking to be forgiven one more time—and then we would start all over again There he gained ownership of an enamelware factory that had lain idle and in bankruptcy for many years and that he renamed Deutsche Emaillewaren-Fabrik, where he principally employed Jewish workers because they were the cheapest. Initially, they saved the workers by bribing the SS guards; later, they listed their employees as essential factory workers, manufacturing munitions for the Reich.
When conditions worsened and they started running out of money, she sold her jewels to buy food, clothes, and medicine. She got a whole truck of bread from somewhere on the black market. They called me to unload it.
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Fresh asparagus prepared by butter steaming in a skillet. It’s a spring crop, mostly coming to us in the Deep South from the west coast, and is at its peak for flavor during the months of April and May, so it is still so strange to me that we can find it available year-round these days. I can remember a time when the only way to eat it out of season was canned, but the texture of canned asparagus is on the mushy side, very different from fresh and a tad bit pricey too.
Think about enamel kitchen utensils today, and you probably imagine something coated all over in enamel. That certainly wasn’t the case in the early years. To begin with, cooking pots were lined inside with enamel, but they looked like any other cast iron on the outside.
She is about to open the doors of her east-London flat to 16 strangers and serve them a three-course meal with her friend and supper-club co-founder, the radio DJ Alice Levine. Their guests, who request places through Instagram in their droves, have a charity jumble sale to thank for this partnership and its bimonthly if schedules allow feasts. Extending the invitation to others was meant to be a passing project.
The experiment was a success, and the pair have turned down big-money corporate catering jobs to preserve their small operation. We wanted it to be a blend of having friends over for a dinner party and going to a restaurant. Simon Brown As plates of deep-fried olives stuffed with citrus-spiked ricotta are passed around, it is clear they have nailed it. A platter of blood oranges, pink radicchio and ricotta elicits oohs, aahs and Instagram posts.
The glassware, found in charity shops, and napkins, by a craftsman Jackson discovered in America, are also perfect social-media fodder. Simon Brown Their organisation has improved, but the ethos behind their menus is unchanged.
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That certainly wasn’t the case in the early years. To begin with, cooking pots were lined inside with enamel, but they looked like any other cast iron on the outside. People wanted a way of coating iron to stop metallic tastes or rust getting into food:
Enamelware is something I like & collect, so I wanted to find out more about it. Once I did, I figured you would like knowing too. Enamelware was the first mass-produced American kitchenware. Production began in the s, and continued through the s.
See Blaylock’s book and newsletters, and my cancer pages. I would use Lugol’s iodine instead of kelp, which absorbs heavy metals from the environment that it is grown in. See my main cancer page and Chemtrails page re pure chlorella aborbs heavy metals from the environment and cilantro, NAC precursor of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant. I use Morton blue salt substitute with more potassium chloride than sodium chloride as a source of potassium, along with some additional KCl or potassium Citrate.
I get most of my nutrients from specific raw organic blenderized vegetables see my raw food and cancer page. Some other important herbs and supplements I also take 1 Zyflamend Whole Body twice a day with food to reduce inflammation: Take in the middle of a larger meal with an 8 oz glass of water; http: Even if something is organic, it may have been fed organic corn meal omega-6 pro-inflammatory and pro-cancer.
Also, line caught salmon, sardines and anchovies are better for reducing inflammation and fighting cancer. Don’t forget to add org ground cayenne or chili powder and org ginger to your org raw garlic; they’re oil soluble, so mix in EV Cold Pressed Olive Oil. Curcumin, Quercetin, Hesperidin, Myrrh, Boswellia are also oil soluble and capsules can be opened and mixed in together in the oil; see main cancer page.
Artemisinin would also help against cancer, but I only took the concentrated extract capsules for 2 months.
old milk cans, dairy pails, cheese & milk strainers
Old Moletin, in Czech: She had an older brother, Franz, to whom she was very close. She was also interested in the Gypsies who would camp near the village for a few days at a time; their nomadic lifestyle, their music, and their stories fascinated her. After dating for six weeks, the couple married on 6 March , in an inn on the outskirts of Zwittau , Schindler’s home town.
He was affable, kind, extremely generous and charitable, but at the same time, not mature at all.
Enamelware a collector’s guide Information, values & links to shops. All you need to know about enamelware in one spot! Find this Pin and more on DIY Rock Stars by My Soulful Home – Home & Garden Advice. Enamelware a collector’s guide. Information on the history of, examples of and dating of enamelware. Learn about this very American product.
Many collectors appreciate the value and practicality of vintage Corningware. Not only is it fun to display, it can be used in the oven, freezer, refrigerator, or the microwave. It was a breakthrough for post war homemakers because it could be taken from freezer to refrigerator to oven to table. The versatility of being able to utilize one dish appealed to an era of women who were increasingly streamlining their lives.
Vintage Corningware designs are still very affordable. They are readily available at thrift stores, garage sales and online very inexpensively.